Smallmouth Bass

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 The Smallmouth Bass

The Little Power House!


Oklahoma Record: 7lbs  8ozs



Oklahoma Record: 7lbs  8ozs


No black bass displays more spunk than the smallmouth. This aggressive fish strikes many lures and live baits and delivers a dogged, high-leaping battle when hooked. Since Smallmouths fare well in natural lakes, impoundments, rivers and streams, you need a variety of fishing methods to catch them consistently.

Range: Small number of Oklahoma lakes

Habitat: Prefers clear, nonflowing waters with aquatic vegetation where food and cover are available. They occupy brackish to freshwater habitats, including upper estuaries, rivers, lakes, reservoirs and ponds. Also, they can tolerate a wide range of water clarities and bottom types, prefer water temperatures from 65 to 85 degrees, and are usually found at depths less than 20 feet.

Spawning Habits: Bass prefer to build nests in hard-bottom areas along shallow shorelines or in protected areas such as canals and coves. Depending on her size, the female can lay up to 100,000 eggs, which are fertilized as they settle into the nest. After spawning is completed, usually five to 10 days, the male guards the nest and eggs and later the young (sometimes called fry) attacking anything that approaches the nest. The female bass stays near the nest or may swim a short distance and remain listless for up to a day. After hatching, the fry swim in tight schools, disbanding when the small fish reach a length of about one inch.  

Feeding Habits: The diet of bass changes with its size. Young fish feed on microscopic animals (zooplankton) and small crustaceans such as grass shrimp and crayfish. Fingerling bass feed on insects, crayfish, and small fishes. Adult bass will eat whatever is available, including fish, crayfish, crabs, frogs, salamanders, snakes, mice, turtles and even birds.

Hot Lakes


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